Freestyle Libre 2
- What is continuous glucose monitoring?
- Who is eligible for a Freestyle Libre 2?
- What does the FreeStyle Libre 2 tell you?
- The Freestyle Libre 2
- Wearing your FreeStyle Libre sensor
- FreeStyle Libre apps
- Driving and FreeStyle Libre/CGM
- Any problems?
What is continuous glucose monitoring (CGM)?
Continuous Glucose Monitoring (CGM) enables you to test your glucose levels without routinely pricking your finger. Instead, a small sensor sits on your upper arm and automatically measures and continuously stores glucose readings day and night. The readings can be viewed on a mobile phone or a hand-held monitor.
There are two types of CGM:
- Real-time continuous glucose monitoring (rtCGM) -
- A Real-Time Continuous Glucose Monitor (rtCGM) is always recording your blood glucose and sending the data to your display device (a handheld monitor or mobile phone) and will alert you when your glucose is low, high or changing according to your own settings. If you use a compatible mobile phone to view your readings, then the FreeStyle Libre 2 is a rtCGM.
- Intermittently scanned continuous glucose monitoring (isCGM) -
- With isCGM, you scan the sensor using a handset or a mobile phone. It’s only when you scan your sensor that you get your reading and trends. If you use a handheld monitor (also known as a “reader”) to view your readings, then the FreeStyle Libre 2 is an isCGM.
- However, it does still allow you to set alerts for low and high glucose. These alarms will go off even if you are not actually scanning when the glucose goes low or high. isCGM was previously also known as Flash Glucose Monitoring (FGM).
The difference between blood glucose and sensor glucose
Unlike current blood glucose meters, the FreeStyle Libre 2 sensor measures the glucose in the body's interstitial fluid (ISF). Interstitial fluid is the body fluid between blood vessels and cells below your skin, as seen in the diagram below:
Finger prick blood glucose readings and sensor glucose readings won’t always match and in fact, are likely to be different because sensor glucose readings come from the interstitial fluid, not from your blood. There is a 5 to 10-minute delay in ISF glucose response to changes in blood glucose, but generally, glucose readings in ISF have been proven to reliably reflect blood glucose levels.
FreeStyle Libre 2 key points
- A sensor lasts 14 days – the sensor’s adhesive is strong, and knocking it off is difficult. Care should be taken to not loosen the sensor or catch it on furniture, especially door frames.
- The sensor is water-resistant in up to 1 metre (3 feet) of water for a max of 30 minutes
- Libre should not be used above 10,000 feet
- You can scan the sensor through clothes if you are using a handheld reader.
- If you are using a handheld reader, the sensor should be scanned at least once every 8 hours for a complete picture of blood glucose levels, Most people will want to scan more often anyway – at least 8 times a day is recommended.
Who is eligible for a Freestyle Libre 2?
It is recommended that flash glucose monitoring with Freestyle Libre 2 is available for individuals with diabetes who are actively engaged in the management of their diabetes and who intensively manage their condition with multiple daily insulin injections or insulin pump therapy.
In addition to the above, health boards across Scotland have mixed criteria for people to qualify for a Freestyle Libre 2. In most areas, the use is restricted but not limited to those who:
- Agree to scan glucose levels no fewer than six times per day
- Satisfy their clinical team that they (or their carer) have the required knowledge/skills to self-manage diabetes; for example, having attended a recognised diabetes structured education programme.
Please check with your local health board for the qualifying criteria in your area.
What does the FreeStyle Libre 2 tell you?
- Current glucose reading
- Trend arrows show you if your glucose levels are stationary or going up or down, and how fast.
- Latest 8 hours of continuous glucose data
- A range of reports allows you to look at your data over longer periods which can help you determine patterns and help you in making decisions about how you manage your diabetes.
- You can set reminders, alerts and add notes.
- The option to share your glucose readings with your family or friends and healthcare professionals through LibreLinkUp and LibreView.
How often do you need to check your glucose/scan your handheld reader?
- Minimum 8 per day, including pre-meal, 2 hours post-meal, pre-bed, exercise
- If you think you are having a hypo or are at risk of a hypo
- Checking after eating certain foods gives you a better understanding of how they affect your blood glucose levels
- Frequent checking has been shown to improve HbA1c levels
Starting out with the FreeStyle Libre 2
- Prior to starting on the FreeStyle Libre 2, it is helpful to complete the Libre Academy.
- Download LibreView/LibreLink app on your phone.
- If you wish, you can share your data with your health professionals by entering your clinic ID (step-by-step instructions for doing this are below).
- When adding Libre settings to your reader and phone app, set your blood glucose targets to 3.9 - 10 mmol/L to allow for post-meal readings.
- Only give insulin to control and correct your blood glucose levels at mealtimes unless ketones are present.
- Don't be too reactive, remember you will be scanning post-meals too.
- Take your time and use the data to look for patterns.
If I already have Libre 1, do I need to change anything?
- Application: There will be no changes to how you apply the sensor
- Scanning: This depends on how you scan your Libre sensor:
- Phone: The software/app has already been updated to be compatible with Libre 2
- Reader: The Libre 1 reader will scan a Libre 2 sensor, but you will need to obtain a new reader if you wish to use the low/high blood glucose alarms. Libre 2 readers can be obtained through their website. Libre 1 readers are black and Libre 2 readers are dark blue.
How do I set a low or high blood glucose alarm?
Further details can be found on the Freestyle Libre website but the instructions for both phone and readers are as follows:
- Open LibreLink
- Go to menu
- Tap “Alarms”
- Touch “Low Glucose Alarm” or “High Glucose Alarm”
- Scroll to select “Low Glucose Value” or “High Glucose Value”
- Tap “Alarm Tone” and choose a tone
- Touch the settings gear icon in the top right corner of the screen
- Touch “alarms”
- Touch “change alarm settings”
- Select which alarm you would like to set
- Touch “low glucose alarm” or “high glucose alarm”
- Touch the slider to switch the alarm on
- Use the “+” or “-“ buttons to select the glucose alarm level
- Touch “done” to save settings
Which alarm should I set first?
Setting a low blood glucose alarm first is a good way to get used to using the alarms. Once you are comfortable with this, you could then add a high blood glucose alarm later.
What level should I set the low glucose alarm?
4.5 mmol/L, rather than the default 3.9mmol/L, is a sensible place to start so that you have a warning before you become hypoglycaemic. This choice will vary from person to person and your diabetes team can advise you on what threshold to set your low glucose alarm.
What should I do when I hear the low glucose alarm?
Scan the sensor – the low blood glucose alarm will not tell you what your blood glucose level is. You may also wish to do a finger prick check.
What about the high glucose alarm?
Once you are used to using the low blood glucose alarm, you may wish to discuss setting the high blood glucose alarm with your diabetes team.
The level at which to set the high glucose alarm will vary greatly from person to person and depends on things like your usual level of glucose and what you want to achieve with your diabetes control.
Wearing your FreeStyle Libre sensor
Select an area of skin on the back of your upper arm that generally stays flat during normal daily activities (no bending or folding). Choose a site that is at least 2.5cm (1 inch) away from an insulin injection site. To prevent discomfort or skin irritation, you should select a different site than the one most recently used.
You might find it helpful to use the following products to support adhesion. Everyone's skin is different so you may need to find the one that is right for you.
If there is any residue adhesive left on your skin after removing the sensor then the following products have been found to help.
Sensor wearing tips
The FreeStyle Libre sensor is designed to work for up to 14 days. Some useful tips for wearing your sensor are:
- Be careful about bumping into objects: Avoid bumping or catching your sensor on door frames, car doors, furniture, people, pets or other hard objects.
- Touching the sensor adhesive: Avoid touching, pushing or pulling on the sensor. Also, you should avoid touching, scratching or pulling on the adhesive around the sensor, even if the adhesive has begun to peel.
- Getting dressed: Use extra care to avoid hitting or catching the sensor on clothing while getting dressed. Avoid wearing tight clothing on your arms as doing so may pull off the sensor.
- Showering/bathing: The sensor is water-resistant but use extra care when cleaning around the sensor and when towelling off so that you do not catch or pull off the sensor. Do NOT take your sensor into water deeper than 1 metre (3 feet) or keep it immersed for longer than 30 minutes.
- Contact sports: Avoid contact sports and heavy exercise with an activity that may knock off your sensor.
FreeStyle Libre apps
- FreeStyle LibreLink app: allows you to use your smartphone to scan your sensor. You can view your current reading, trend arrow, and history. You can also look at your data for up to the last 90 days and the app provides tools to look for patterns in your blood sugars.
The FreeStyle LibreLink app is compatible with NFC-enabled smartphones running Android OS 5.0 or higher and with iPhone 7 and higher, running OS 13.2 and higher.
To use the FreeStyle LibreLink requires registration with LibreView. If you are attending a Libre education session then you may want to download the app prior to attending your session.
- FreeStyle LibreLinkUp: allows you to share glucose readings with family, friends and healthcare professionals This means they can:
- Remotely monitor your glucose readings and trends
- Receive updates when your glucose readings are too high or low
- Stay connected to help you manage your diabetes
- FreeStyle Libreview: allows you to look at your data in detail and analysis of blood glucose patterns on a PC, laptop etc as well as share this information and analysis with your diabetes team. Each time you apply a new sensor, you need to scan with your handset before scanning with your phone if you wish to use the handset to upload your data.
How to link your Libre account to your diabetes clinic
- Log in to libreview.com using your login and password (same as for the LibreLink phone app). Click at the top right corner to open up the menu.
2. Click 'Account Settings'.
- Click the 'My Practices' tab at the top of the page. Your diabetes team will provide you with a clinic ID. Type the in the box and click add - you will receive confirmation that you have added our clinic as your practice. You are able to remove this link at any time.
Looking at the information
What is happening now? Understanding trend arrows
- If the trend arrow is straight up or down, check your blood glucose levels.
- At mealtimes, you should calculate your normal mealtime dose (based on carb intake planned and current glucose levels), then use the arrows to make an adjustment to the dose you were planning:
To understand what the trend arrows mean and what action you should take, have a look at the table below:
Driving and FreeStyle Libre/CGM
In February 2019 the DVLA updated their guidance regarding isCGM and rtCGM devices and approved them as a way for insulin-dependent drivers to monitor glucose readings.
This guidance applies to car and motorcycle drivers who treat their diabetes with insulin. The guidance was not changed for bus and lorry drivers who are required to do finger-prick blood glucose readings as before.
Drivers using isCGM and rtCGM devices must still confirm their blood glucose level with a finger prick test if:
- Their glucose level is 4 mmol/L or below
- They experience symptoms of hypoglycaemia
- The glucose monitoring system gives a reading that is not consistent with their symptoms (i.e. they have symptoms of hypoglycaemia but their system does not indicate this)
To read further about the updated guidance regarding driving with isCGM and rtCGM devices click here.
Libre and air travel
- The FreeStyle Libre can be passed through airport metal detectors so you are okay to keep your sensor on while going through these.
- It should not be exposed to full-body scanners (i.e. x-ray or millimetre radio-wave).
- To avoid removing your FreeStyle Libre sensor, you should request another type of screening to be performed by the security officer.
- If in doubt about the type of security scan you are passing through, notify the security officer prior to proceeding through the airport security checkpoint.
- Remember to bring medical evidence such as a letter from a medical practitioner, to confirm your medical device. Have this ready to show the security officer.
Medical device awareness card
Following a number of complaints regarding security officers asking people with devices such as CGM's or insulin pumps to either remove their device or go through body scanners, you can now carry a Medical Device Awareness Card.
The card contains information for both the passenger and security officer. It has been in use in the UK since 2019 and is endorsed by the ICAO Aviation Security Panel to improve global guidance on security screening for passengers with medical devices.
The video below gives more guidance on the Medical Device Awareness Card:
If you are having technical problems with your Libre (sensors falling off early/inaccurate sensors etc.) please contact Abbott customer care: 0800 170 1177 as your GP or diabetes care team cannot help with these matters.